types-of-web-servers

Types of Web Servers (In Details)

Learn : Types of Web Servers with its working

A web server is a computer system that gives information to different computer systems. The whole structure of the Web depends on a client-server model. Websites can be accessed by web servers with the help of internet. Websites are too used to host by the web servers, as the web isn’t just used to get the data however there are different uses, for example, gaming, web hosting, information or running business applications.

The Essential work of a web server is to deliver web pages to clients. The connections between the client node and the server node take place using the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). The delivered web pages include images, style sheets and scripts in addition to text content.

Also, like if we want to explore our website so it will be easier for me just to type “www.MYWEBSITE.com” and we can get the convenient pieces of information & data about my web. Websites can be easily accessible through the internet, as it doesn’t depend whether it runs on any type of server of its variants.

A WEB SERVER is always used to connect with the internet, Although Every server has unique 4 digits number that comprises numbers between 0 to 255 & it gets separates by (.)

Types of web servers:

There are the following types of web servers :

1. Apache web servers: 

Apache web server is one of the most popular & successful web server developed by the Apache Software Foundation. Originally based on the NCSA HTTPd server, development of Apache began in early 1995 after work on the NCSA code stalled. Its standard is up to the mark in the client’s list. It is “Open source system” software, Although You can easily customize an apache web server due to its modular structure. Apache supports almost all operating systems such as Linux, Windows, Unix FreeBSD, Mac OS X and more. The vast majority of Apache HTTP Server running on a Linux distribution, but current versions also run on Microsoft Windows and a wide variety of Unix-like systems. Past versions also ran on OpenVMS, NetWare, OS/2 and other operating systems, including ports to mainframes. As of August 2019, it was estimated to serve 29% of all active websites, ranked 2nd after nginx at 32%.


2. Internet Information Server.

 Information Services/Server (IIS) is a web server created by Microsoft for use with the Windows NT. IIS supports HTTP, HTTP/2, HTTPS, FTP, FTPS, SMTP and NNTP. (IIS 7.5) includes the following additional or enhanced security features:

  • Client certificate mapping
  • IP security
  • Request filtering
  • URL authorization

Authentication changed slightly between IIS 6.0 and IIS 7, most notably in that the anonymous user which was named “IUSR_{abcd}” is a built-in account in Vista and future operating systems and named “IUSR”.

IIS is the third most used web server behind Apache HTTP Server (2nd place) and Nginx(1st place). Furthermore, it shows a consistently falling trend for IIS use since February 2013.


 3. Nginx Web Server.

nginx-web-server

Nginx is free and open-source software, The software was created by Igor Sysoev and first publicly released in 2004. Nginx was developed to solve the C10k problem. No threads, Nginx’s “Modular event-driven architecture” can provide more predictable performance under high loads.

Nginx can be deployed to serve dynamic HTTP content on the network using FastCGI, SCGI handlers for scripts, WSGI application servers or Phusion Passenger modules, and it can serve as a software load balancer

It has TLS/SSL with SNI and OCSP stapling support, via OpenSSL. & also FastCGI, SCGI, uWSGI support with caching, IMAP/POP3 proxy server.


4. LiteSpeed Web Server (LSWS).

litespeed-web-server

LiteSpeed Web Server (LSWS), is a web server software. It is the 4th most popular web server, estimated to be used by 4.7% of websites.

It contains Apache features, including mod_rewrite, .htaccess, and mod_security. Also, we can say it can easily perform all apache functions and It can easily load Apache configuration files directly.

It is developed by “LiteSpeed Technologies”. The software uses the same configuration format as Apache HTTP Server and is compatible with most Apache features.


5. Apache TOMCAT Server.

tomcat-web-server

Apache tomcat is open-source software, It was released under the Apache License version 2. It is used to have several Java EE specifications including Java Servlet, JavaServer Pages (JSP), Java EL, and WebSocket, and provides a “pure Java” HTTP web server in which Java code can initialize. It was released with Catalina (a servlet container), Coyote (an HTTP connector) and Jasper (a JSP engine).

Tomcat 7.x & 8.x used to have the Servlet 3.0 & 3.1 and JSP 2.2 & 2.3 specifications.It requires Java version 1.6, and earlier versions too.


6. NodeJS Web Server.

nodejs-web-server

Node.js is an open-source, cross-platform, JavaScript run-time environment that executes JavaScript code outside of a browser.Node.js was written initially by Ryan Dahl in 20095 Node.js has an event-driven architecture capable of asynchronous. Node.js distributed development project, governed by the Node.js Foundation

Node.js allows the creation of Web servers and 5networking tools using JavaScript and Modules are provided for file system I/O, networking (DNS, HTTP, TCP, TLS/SSL, or UDP), binary data (buffers), cryptography functions, data streams, and other core

Node.js is officially supported on Linux, macOS and Microsoft Windows 7 and Server 2008 (and later) with tier 2 support for SmartOS and IBM AIX and experimental support for FreeBSD. OpenBSD also works, and LTS versions available for IBM I (AS/400).[49] The provided source code


7. Lighttpd Web Server

Lighttpd is an open-source web server optimized for speed-critical environments while remaining standards-compliant, secure and flexible and its small CPU load, low memory footprint, and speed optimizations & It was originally written by Jan Kneschke as a proof-of-concept of the c10k problem – An event-driven architecture is used by it to perform 10,000 connections in parallel on one server,


Here we have other types of web servers.

8. Mail Server.

 Mail server is a server that handles and delivers e-mail over a network, usually over the Internet. A mail server can receive e-mails from client computers and deliver them to other mail servers. A mail server can also deliver e-mails to client computers. A client computer is normally the computer where you read your e-mails, for example, your computer at home or in your office.


9. Application Server.

An application server is a software framework that gives you to create web applications and a server also. These are usually performed in the same running environment as their web server’s, and their agenda is to support the development of Unique pages. It has much application underneath which are Java application server, .NET Framework, PHP application servers, Mobile application servers.


10. FTP Web Server:

An FTP server is a computer, which has a document file-transfer protocol (FTP) address and is dedicated to accepting an FTP connection. The FTP users can authorize themselves in the form of a username and password.


11. Database Server.

Database Server is a computer in a LAN that is dedicated to database storage and retrieval. The database server holds the Database Management System (DBMS) and the databases. Upon requests from the client machines, it searches the database for selected records and passes them back over the network.


12. DNS Server.

 DNS server is a computer server that contains a database of public IP addresses and their associated hostnames, and in most cases serves to resolve, or translate, those names to IP addresses as requested. DNS servers run special software and communicate with each other using special protocols.


Conclusion :

Today many services are being provided by the webserver. It is based on the requirement of clients, the number of clients on a single server, the applications/software clients use and the amount of traffic a web server can handle generated by the clients. Many of the servers are based on cloud computing which is popular amongst the researchers, scientists & entrepreneurs.

Cloud Computing is distributing over a network and can run a program or application on many connected computers at the same time.

It is used, where various computing concepts that involve a large number of computers are connected via a real-time communication network such as the Internet.

Although from these many options, the client uses to choose only one of them so make your choice as per your requirement.

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About the Author: Reform Hosting

Reform Hosting is a leading Hosting Service provider, offering reliable, scalable solutions for customers of all sizes and services. We supply all of the servers, software, bandwidth and management tools needed to run almost any web hosted application – from small to enterprise server solutions. We are committed to excellent quality Service. Our staff has over 2+ years of experience in the IT field.

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